4MS SMR: Build Diary #9

Self quarantine is easy with the 4MS SMR DIY build! Don’t you fret, there are only 100+ 1K resistors, among the litany of other passive components. And we’re not even talking ICs yet! Forget about SMD LEDS even. JUST THE 1K RESISTORS WILL KEEP YOU INSIDE ALL DAY.

Sorry, but I gotta stay topical, don’t want to lose my viewers. These are the ins and outs of running a hugely successful electronics and sound design blog, I don’t expect you to understand….

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Anyways, back to that hot hot content.

 

This was a big build, it took a good few days of soldering off and on. Maybe a good 6 hours or so altogether, but spread over a few days. Now that it is all said and done I don’t know if hand soldering is the right method for a PCB this dense. Or maybe I’m just trying to rationalize the purchase of a rework station…

Bare 4MS SMR DIY PCB
So densely populated, but so much space for error. See what I did there?

I won’t get into my exact thought process on this one, but if you’re going to hand solder, take a good long look at the board. It’s always a good idea to start with the power sections on modules like this, make sure your power rails all read properly before you start putting hours into soldering this bad boy together.

Even then, take a good hard look around the board and place your components carefully. Some passive 0603 components went down before ICs, so the usual process of starting with ICs, then moving to smaller components as you go doesn’t necessarily apply here.

4MS SMR DIY IC LQFP-144
The terror that is an LQFP-144 packaged Microcontroller

The build is fairly straightforward, but the LQFP-144 can be a little intimidating. But with time, flux, and a decent microscope, it is definitely possible. Should you do it? Probably not.

One other small pain: the electrolytic caps in this BOM were just a tad large for hand soldering on this footprint. Again, do-able, but not advisable.

Now for some more hot shots.

4MS SMR DIY IC Soldered
Took a good 20 minutes to line it up, but there it is!

I recommend everyone thinking about building this read through the Muffwiggler post on it. Even if you only read it for the amusing drama that breaks out after the first few pages. Always good for a laugh.

One important piece of information on there was a correction to the schematic, courtesy of our dear friend ishkabbible:

DIY SMR Schematic correction

From here things are pretty standard. Just get your glasses and start soldering.

Or, you could be smart and either:

  1. Purchase PCBs with the SMD soldering done
  2. Invest in reflow equipment.
4MS SMR DIY Power up test
Finally complete, all my SMD done!!...wait...
4MS SMR DIY LEDs
....just a quick 26 4 pin SMD LEDs to solder still...AND ALL THE THROUGH HOLE COMPONENTS

I’ll be honest, powering this one up was the most nerve racking power test I’ve done to date. That’s not flux on the board, that’s fear sweat of the highest concentration.

4MS SMR DIY Power on test success
AHHHHHHHHHHHHH IT IS ALIVEEEEE

Beautiful blinding white light fused with an endless blanket of resonant tones

Huh?

This circuit powering up really got me in a good mood. And what better to ruin that mood than figuring out the flashing process for this little cockajub!!!

 

Flashing the 4MS SMR DIY PCB
It actually wasn't so bad...

I’d love to tell you I compiled the firmware all on my lonesome, but that would be a filthy lie. I found it here. Thank you Marcus Korb! Whoever you are. Maybe this guy?

Nevertheless, the pinout you need to flash this guy via SWD is pictured here:

SWD Pinout for SMR

Also, you will also need to power the module from a Eurorack power source. Make sure all your pins are good and lined up, and get to flashing! I used the ST-Link Utility and everything flashed up on the first go. Hell yes.

Flashing interface for 4MS SMR

Finally, it is time to solder the hardware to this little guy so we can get to resonating! After what felt like a century of SMD soldering, the hardware was a nice little vacation, besides the push buttons.

The panel was a little snug around the push buttons causing them to be stuck in the down position, but after widening these holes a little bit, we’re sailin’!

4MS SMR DIY PCB Hardware populated
So close you can almost hear it...

And after installing 35 dollars worth of light pipes into the front panel, it was time to see if my last few days was about to pay off. With my fingers covered in flux, I excitedly flipped the switch and….

4MS SMR DIY Working
Greasy and covered in flux, but oh man does it ever resonate!

And that was that! One thing that was strange, the firmware version I linked to here was.. out of tune? It sounded awful, but the functionality was all there. So before I hit the panic button, I downloaded the most recent firmware directly from the 4MS website and installed it via WAV file. And VOILA!

Only other issue I’ve run into is completely cosmetic, but the scale banks are not “coloured” properly when you select them. For example, in the manual, the Major Scale chord bank should appear as the first blue option in the selection menu. On my SMR, the Major Scale chord bank is the first selection in the green menu.

Oh actually one more issue, it’s so neat I’ve been shoving it into every sound I’ve been making lately… It really is spooky.

All in all this was a fun build, but it really took time. Next SMR (or possibly SWN?!?) will be solder pasted and reflowed. FOR SURE.

As far as how the module is, it’s great. For eerie ambience, fun percussive tones, or processing other tones, this little behemoth does a ton of good stuff. It’s a little on the large side, but what do you expect? It can even do some whacky VCO sequencing, and whatever a “Hexaphonic VCO Controller” does! COOL.

What next?! For sure some videos, no one reads anything ever.

And also… TELETYPE BUILD SOON! WHO IS PUMPED? THE SILENCE IS DEAFENING.

Quick Links

Mouser BOM – No Jacks, USB Port, or Pushbuttons. Actually, this BOM seems to be missing a lot of components. Will update in near future. For now, here are two other BOMs that have the goods. 

MORE COMPLETE MOUSER BOM – Thank you muffwiggler user synchromesh.

MORE COMPLETE OCTOPART BOM – Thank you muffwiggler user synchromesh.

Muffwiggler Thread

SMR Product Page

Marcus Korb’s SMR Firmware

This Post Has 10 Comments

  1. AlanP

    Really enjoyed reading about your adventure, as I’m thinking of having a crack at this project.

    Where did you get the PCB?

    1. stevetravale

      Thanks for reading, I really appreciate it! I grabbed the PCB from Pusherman at this link right here. They’re still in stock, but if for some reason you can’t get a hold of one, let me know. I have a couple left over, and I’d be happy to share!

  2. Phil aka staticcharge

    This is a really good build blog with all the information anyone would need to build an SMR module. I really enjoyed reading about your journey and I raise a glass. Word round the campfire is the SMR is the toughest diy build.

    1. stevetravale

      Making me blush out here, thank you for reading, and thank you even more for your comment! I will keep the diaries coming. The density of the board made it one of the toughest solder jobs I’ve come up against. Absolutely do-able though, just have to go slow! SWN will be getting it’s own treatment one day soon. Thanks again!

  3. Thopa

    Hey, great blog, thanks for posting this.
    Im starting mine tomorrow 🙂
    Looking forward to your swn build.
    And…sorry to give you `bad news` but reflowing a board like this….you got yo know what you are doin (which im not) i have actually failed badly at reflowing…so for know i trust my eyes, scope and iron
    !
    Cheers

    1. stevetravale

      Thanks for reading!! And that’s great, it’s an awesome module and you’ll have a blast building it. As soon as I can snag a PCB for the SWN I will be right on top of it, stay tuned!

      Yeah now that you mention it, blowing hot air or baking a board like this would be terrifying. I’d end up with resistor arrays I didn’t want with my luck…

      Take care and let me know how the SMR build goes!!

  4. Frank

    Awesome build, a quick question:
    Do you happen to have a link to the push buttons, i don’t seem to find them in the BOM.

    thank you.

    1. stevetravale

      Thanks for reading!! Strange they didn’t make it my BOM…thanks for spotting that! Here is a link, I will update my links in the post so they are included!

      Pushbutton Mouser Link

      After going back in, looks like my BOM is missing a whole bunch. I added two other BOMs that should round things out I will update my BOM later tonight! Sorry about that!

  5. Faye

    Hi Steve,
    Congrats to this successful build! You motivated me to take my SMD skills to the next and give this a try. 🙂
    If possible, could you please elaborate on how you managed to flash the firmware using a *.wav-file instead of *.hex? Tbh, I didn’t even know that is possible…
    Thanks so much

    1. stevetravale

      Thanks for the kind words!!

      The initial flash has to occur over SWD with a good old fashioned “.hex” file. Once this is complete you can flash via WAV file using the method outlined in the manual here:

      SMR Manual

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